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Computer Chemistry Center

Research

 

Our group is devoted to the devellopment and application of static and molecular dynamics simulations for the investigation of the mechanisms of reactions, nucleation events and self-organization processes. The addressed topics range from materials science, solid state chemistry to biophysics and general physical chemistry.
Using classical (empirical interaction models), quantum/classical and ab-initio approaches our main topics are:

Reactions in complex Systems

We explore the mechanisms of reactions in condensed phases from quantum/ classical and ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations. A special focus is dedicated to proton transfer reactions occurring during crystal aggregation and ripening.

Self-Organization of Crystals, Macromolecules and Composites

Starting from the association of single ions our simulations allow the investigation of the infancy of crystal nucleation from solution. This provides a unique level of insights into (self)-organization and its interplay with ripening reactions and interactions to growth-controlling molecules. The latter aspect allows also the investigation of hybrid materials.

Phase Transitions and Phase Separation

Our studies of phase transitions involve solid-solid, liquid-solid and liquid-vapor transformations. The main focus is dedicated to the mechanisms of phase nucleation and growth. In multinary systems also the interplay of phase transformation with segregation phenomena is explored (distillation, crystallization of eutectic systems)

Materials Simulations

Atomistic and coarse-grained models are used to explore the structure and mechanical properties of nanocrystals and bulk materials. These studies include atomic mobility, defect arrangements, dislocations, grain and phase boundaries as well as their role during deformation and fracture.

Sampling Biomolecular Systems

The immense complexity of biomolecular processes calls for advanced molecular dynamics protocols to assess the mechanims and structures involved. We devellop new simulation techniques to study biomolecule solvation, folding and docking to ligands without imposing restraints on protein flexibity or the arrangement of the solvent.

Method Development

The investigation of rare barrier crossing events (reactions, nucleation processes) requires efficient simulation strategies. To tackle the time/length scale probleme we apply transition path sampling, constraint MD simulations and related approaches. Diffusion controlled processes, like crystal aggregation from dillute solutions impose different challenges to computer simulation. For this purpose, we devellop specific approaches which allow to study aggregation and growth at the atomistic level of detail.

Self-organization of ZnO during nucleation from ethanolic solution. (Image: Zahn)

Self-organization of ZnO during nucleation from ethanolic solution. (Image: Zahn)

Collagen proteins aid the design of apatite motifs. (Image: Zahn)

Collagen proteins aid the design of apatite motifs. (Image: Zahn)

Interplay of vapor nucleation and segregation during alkane distillation. (Image: Zahn)

Interplay of vapor nucleation and segregation during alkane distillation. (Image: Zahn)

Grain boundary formation in Aluminum during Crystallization from the melt. (Image: Zahn)

Grain boundary formation in Aluminum during Crystallization from the melt. (Image: Zahn)

Folding of a mid-sized Polypeptide (image: Zahn)

Folding of a mid-sized Polypeptide (image: Zahn)

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